Catholic Diocese of Spokane, Washington
Official News Magazine of the Diocese of Spokane
P.O. Box 1453, Spokane WA 99210
(509) 358-7340; FAX: (509) 358-7302
Compiled by Father Tom Caswell, for the Inland Register
(From the November 19, 2015 edition of the Inland Register)
Fifty Years Ago: October 3, 1965
Nine presidents meet with popes
• Ulysses S. Grant, in March, 1878, a year after leaving the U.S. presidency and while on a world tour, was received in audience by Pope Leo XIII. He was accompanied by Mrs. Grant and their son Jesse.
• William Howard Taft, before his election to the presidency, was received by Pope Leo XIII in June and again in July, 1902, while serving as chairman of the Philippines Land Commission. Gov. Taft was accompanied by Mrs. Taft, their son Robert, and their daughter, Helen.
• Woodrow Wilson, first incumbent president of the United States to leave the American continent, was received by Pope Benedict XV on Jan. 4, 1919, while en route to the Paris Peace Conference.
• Herbert Hoover met three popes, before and after his term as president, while engaged in war relief missions in Europe. He was received by Pope Pius XII in March 1945, and February, 1947; by Pope Benedict XV in 1920; and met the future Pope Pius XI (the then Archbishop Achille Ratti, Papal Nuncio in Poland) in 1919.
• Franklin D. Roosevelt, following his re-election to the U.S. Presidency in November, 1936, received in his Hyde Park N.Y. home, the future Pope Pius XII (the then Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, Papal Secretary of State, who was touring the United States).
• Harry S. Truman, accompanied by Mrs. Truman, was received by Pope Pius XII in May, 1955, three years after leaving the White House. (While he was president, his daughter, Margaret, was received by Pope Pius XII in June, 1951)
• Dwight D. Eisenhower has met three popes, one of them while he was U.S. President. On Dec. 6, 1959, President Eisenhower was received by Pope John XXIII, whom he had previously met in Paris in 1945, as Archbishop Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Papal Nuncio to France. In September, 1945, General Eisenhower, then U.S. Commander in Germany, and his son, Lt. John Eisenhower, were received by Pope Pius XII at the Vatican. While still president, he met the future Pope Paul XI (the then Cardinal Montini) on June 5, 1960 at Notre Dame University, Indiana, both received honorary degrees. (Mrs. Eisenhower and her mother, Mrs. John S. Doud, were received in special audience by Pope Pius XII in October, 1951.)
• John F. Kennedy met two popes. As president, he was received in audience by Pope Paul VI on July 2, 1963, four months before Mr. Kennedy’s death. When he was a U.S. Senator, he was received by Pope Pius XII in 1955. (Mrs. John F. Kennedy was received by Pope John on March 11, 1962 while she was first lady of the U.S.)
• Lyndon B. Johnson and Pope Paul VI will meet in New York, Oct. 4, during the latter’s peace mission to the United Nations headquarters. It will be the first time a reigning pontiff has visited the western hemisphere and will be Pope Paul’s third visit to the United States. While Vice President of the U.S., Mr. Johnson and Mrs. Johnson and their daughter Lynda Bird were received in audience by Pope John XXIII on Sept. 7, 1962.
• Theodore Roosevelt, the year following his term in the White House and while on a world tour, asked for an audience with Pope Pius X. This was scheduled for April 5, 1910, but the ex-president, displeased with some of the preliminary stipulations, cancelled his proposed visit.
Twenty-five Years Ago: October 25, 1990
Jesuits celebrate double anniversaries this year
The Society of Jesus began a year-long celebration of its colorful history Sept. 27, the 450th anniversary of the founding of the order and the 500th anniversary of the birth of its founder, Ignatius of Loyola.
Spokane is served by the Society’s Oregon Province, comprising 380 Jesuits serving in two universities, four high schools, and numerous parishes, missions and chaplaincies. The Province includes Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Alaska.
St. Ignatius of Loyola was born Inigo Lopez de Onaz y Loyola in the Basque Province of Guizpuzcoa in Northern Spain in 1491.
A professional soldier, he was wounded in the battle of Pamplona against the French in 1521. During his long and painful recovery, his only reading material consisted of a life of Christ and a collection of the lives of the saints.
After a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and several long years of study in universities in Paris and Spain, he began sharing his spiritual insights with others. By 1540 his followers numbered 10 – all priests and all with degrees from the University of Paris – and on Sept. 17, Pope Paul III established the Society of Jesus.
Jesuits were the first missionaries in India, China, Japan and parts of the New World.
By the time Ignatius died in Rome on July 31, 1556, the Society of Jesus counted more than 1,000 members. He was canonized March 12, 1622.
Today, the Society numbers nearly 25,000, the largest Catholic Religious order in the world. There are nearly 18,000 priests, 3,000 Brothers, and 4,000 Jesuits in formation, ministering on six continents in 112 nations. Some 5,000 are in the U.S. and Canada.
Although best known as a teaching and missionary order, the Society of Jesus undertakes any apostolic effort if it will bring “greater glory to God.” Forty-one members have been canonized; another 137 have been beatified.
The Society was suppressed in 1773 by Pope Clement XIV, the order’s Superior General imprisoned by the Vatican and the 22,000 members disbanded except in Russia, where Catherine the Great refused to obey the pope.
Reinstatement came in 1814, though only 600 Jesuits survived. By 1851, the number had risen to 5,000, mostly ministering through education, retreats, and missions; by 1906, the number had increased to 15,500, and by 1936 there were more than 25,000 Jesuits.
The present Superior-General is Father Peter-Hans Kolvenbach, elected in 1983.
Ten members of the Oregon Province now serve in missions in Zambia, Africa, as well as chaplains in hospitals and prisons, attorneys, journalists, spiritual directors, social activists, scientists, artists and writers.
About 330 Oregon Province members are priests; 25 are Brothers and 35 are in formation.
Jesuits first arrived in the Pacific Northwest in 1841, led by Father Peter DeSmet. They served the needs of the Indian tribes in a territory extending from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, and from the Mexican border to the Arctic Ocean. Ministry began with the establishment of schools and mission churches in Western Montana and what is now the Idaho panhandle.
Jesuits from throughout the world volunteered to serve in what was known as the Rocky Mountain mission. Jesuit Father Anthony Ravalli, from Italy, became the first doctor and pharmacist in Montana.
Jesuits expanded their ministry to meet the needs of the white settlers in the area as well. By 1887, Father Joseph Cataldo had established Gonzaga College; Seattle College opened its doors four years later.
The five northwestern states were designated a province in 1909, and established as the Oregon Province.
(Father Caswell is archivist for the Inland Register, and a frequent contributor to this publication.)
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